What Does Logistics Mean?

Thursday, April 6, 2023

What Does Logistics Mean?

It is possible to say that logistics activities have been carried out since the early days of history. For example, in the Ancient Roman period, transportation of goods and materials was carried out on trade routes. However, the modern concept of logistics that we know today, which encompasses processes such as packaging, transportation, storage, customs clearance, and insurance, existed in various capacities from the 19th century to the mid-20th century during the UK's control of India, and completed its main evolution along with the Industrial Revolution to reach its current form.

What is Logistics?

Logistics is a concept that refers to the management of the supply chain from production of goods and services to delivery to the end consumer. Logistics encompasses all activities related to the production, storage, transportation, and delivery of products, and therefore requires proper planning, organization, management, and coordination.

What is Logistics Management?

Logistics management refers to the management of the entire process of logistics activities to be effectively carried out. Logistics management, which includes many components such as production, supply chain, inventory management, transportation, storage, and delivery, requires effective planning and meticulously prepared business processes to ensure that the right goods and services are delivered to customers at the right time, in the right place, in the right amount, and with the right quality.

How Does the Logistics Process Work?

Logistics process is a complex process that can only be achieved through the effective management of many components, with many teams and functions working together in harmony. Generally, there are four basic steps to the logistics process:

Supply Chain Management: Involves the procurement of materials and raw materials, supplier management, order management, and procurement process management.

Storage and Inventory Management: Includes the storage of materials and products, inventory management, stock control, and order management.

Transportation Management: Consists of transporting products, transportation management, routing, delivery planning, vehicle and fleet management processes.

Recycling and Waste Management: The final step includes the recycling, upcycling, reuse, or waste management of products and materials.

The success of the logistics process will be possible through good planning and organization, appropriate technological tools and processes, efficient use of resources, and effective teamwork, providing a significant competitive advantage for the company.

How Many Types of Logistics are There?

Logistics can be divided into several different types due to its wide and multidimensional nature resulting from various activities coming together. The most common types of logistics can be listed as follows:

Distribution Logistics: Distribution logistics is a type of logistics that manages the process of delivering a product from the production site to end-users or retailers. This process involves a series of activities including product collection, packaging, storage, and transportation. Distribution logistics plays an important role in the supply chain, and also includes processes such as product storage, inventory management, and order preparation. With the rapid development of technology, automation systems are increasingly being used in this type of logistics, and it is essential for all actors involved in the process to coordinate and collaborate effectively.

Supply Chain Logistics: Also known as Production Logistics, this type of logistics involves the movement of products and materials throughout the supply chain, including inventory and order management as well as production planning.

Reverse Logistics: It is a type of logistics that manages the recycling, reuse, or disposal of packaging, products, materials, and equipment. Reverse logistics includes the collection, processing, and redistribution of products for various purposes, such as product returns or exchanges.

Green Logistics: The focus of green logistics is to reduce the ecological negative effects of logistics activities, achieve energy savings, and effective waste management. Green logistics activities include energy savings, zero-emission transportation, recycling, recovery, environmentally friendly packaging, efficient use of natural resources, and sustainable supply chain practices.

International Logistics: It refers to all the logistics activities involved in the transportation, storage, and distribution of goods and services between different countries. It is a type of logistics that has gained importance due to the expansion of global trade and the integration of local markets with global markets. International logistics activities include processes such as import and export, customs procedures, international transportation, storage, insurance, and supply chain management.

These types of logistics help to better understand the scope of logistics activities and manage them more effectively. However, in most cases, these activities are not completely independent of each other; they are interconnected and interact with each other.

At Asmira Group, we have been providing customer-oriented services since 1977 by combining our industry experience and wide supply chain network to develop customized solutions for your logistics projects. With our growing and expanding TackLog logistics company, we meet all your needs at competitive prices and implement them with the principle of excellent service.